You don’t need to look very hard in a place to see how cities are changing in the 21st Century – rising sea levels are gradually making some of them disappear. Fuelled by climate change, not only are floods becoming more common in the streets, but the changing weather patterns have also influenced building design. 

Cities worldwide need to develop strategies for what they aspire to be in 2050. Those choices will shape the secondary choice of which smart systems to rely on and how to operate them.

At a minimum, future cities will have to become:

1- Smart bulwarks against an ever-more hostile climate

2- Attractive communities for aging populations

3- Safe havens for environmental refugees seeking shelter and protection.

Are our cities prepared for these challenges ?